Dental – The Science of Teeth and Gums

Dental is the science of teeth and gums. Those who choose to pursue dentistry have a deep interest in the health of their patients.

When a tooth is lost, bacteria attack the surface of the hard enamel and create acids that erode it, creating tiny openings or holes (called cavities). The acid can also damage the next layer — the dentin — making the tooth even more sensitive.  For more information, click the link provided to proceed.

Tooth decay is a process by which bacteria in the mouth produce acids that destroy tooth enamel. This can lead to a hole in the tooth, called a cavity, and ultimately cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss. Tooth decay can be prevented by brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits. It is also important to drink fluoridated water, and to limit sugary drinks and foods. Researchers are studying new means to prevent tooth decay, including chewing gums that contain the sweetener xylitol and materials that slowly release fluoride and help protect teeth. They are also working on a variety of tooth filling materials that can reverse and “heal” early cavities. They are especially interested in a material that could be placed in pits and fissures of the teeth, where they are most vulnerable to decay.

A cavity starts when the bacteria in plaque attack tooth enamel. The acid breaks down the enamel and softens the dentin, the inner layer of the tooth. As the enamel and dentin break down, the bacterial by-products continue to attack the enamel and soften it. This weakened enamel is then more susceptible to further decay. The acids can eventually reach the softer interior of the tooth (the pulp), which contains blood vessels and nerves. The pulp can become swollen and irritated, and can no longer expand with the tooth during chewing. This can lead to a crack in the tooth and a root canal, which is often necessary for survival of the tooth.

As the decay continues, the enamel erodes further and the hole gets bigger. Bacteria then enters the softer center of the tooth and attacks the pulp. This can cause severe toothache as the bacteria attack the nerve. The tooth may become brittle, and the patient can experience sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods and drinks. The bacterial invasion can also cause infection in the gum tissue and bone surrounding the tooth.

The most common treatment for a tooth with a cavity is a root canal. In this procedure, the dentist removes the decayed pulp and replaces it with a natural-looking tooth filling material.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gum tissue and bones that support your teeth. It can lead to tooth loss, and it has been linked to many serious health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, and even cancer. If you have gum disease, regular dental cleanings and daily brushing and flossing are essential to treating it and keeping it under control.

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. Symptoms include red and puffy gums, bleeding with brushing, and a sticky film called plaque over your teeth. If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis causes bone loss in the jaw and mouth, and it is more difficult to treat.

Studies have shown that people with gum disease have a higher risk for coronary artery disease. This is because bacteria from the gums enter the bloodstream and travel to distant parts of the body, where they can cause inflammation and a build-up of fatty deposits in the arteries. The fatty deposits can clog the arteries, which increases your risk for stroke and heart attack.

Another way that gum disease may contribute to other health problems is by increasing your risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. This is because of the inflammatory effect that bacteria associated with gum disease have on the brain. The inflammatory substances released can increase the accumulation of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain, which can lead to memory loss and cognitive decline.

There are a variety of treatments for gum disease, from a routine cleaning to flap surgery. Your dentist or periodontist may recommend antibiotics to reduce infection, promote healing, and suppress destruction of the tooth attachment. Chlorhexidine (Peridex, PerioChip, or Periodontal Gel) is an antimicrobial that can be applied to the gums as a rinse or gel, or placed in pockets as a gelatin-filled chip that releases medication over 7 days. Other antibiotics such as tetracycline, minocycline, or doxycycline may also be used to reduce infection and control symptoms. Some people with advanced gum disease may need bone and tissue grafts to restore stability to their teeth and jaw.

Tooth Pain

The sensation of pain is an important signal that tells the body something needs attention. However, it can be difficult to know what exactly is wrong, especially if the pain comes and goes. Pain in a tooth is most likely caused by an infection, but it can also be the result of dental decay, a cracked or chipped tooth, gum disease or even trauma. Fortunately, most tooth pain can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene and taking care of your teeth and gums.

Tooth pain can be very different from person to person. Some may experience sharp, shooting pain while others might feel a dull, constant ache. Whatever the type of tooth pain, it is crucial to visit your dentist right away. They will ask detailed questions, examine your mouth and perform X-rays to determine the source of the pain. They may also prescribe medicine to manage the pain.

A common cause of tooth pain is an injury to the tooth. This can be anything from biting down on a hard object like a cherry pit or getting hit in the face during a sports game. Sometimes, tooth pain from injury doesn’t show up until days or even years after the event.

An infection in the inner part of a tooth, called the pulp, can also cause pain. This may be reversible, such as when a root canal treatment is performed, or irreversible, like in the case of pericoronal and periodontal abscesses. These are pockets of pus that form in the bone and tissue surrounding a tooth.

Other causes of tooth pain include the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which hinges your lower jaw to your skull. Symptoms of TMJ pain usually come and go, but they can be severe. TMJ pain is often accompanied by headaches. To prevent TMJ pain, you should avoid eating food that is very hot or cold, use a soft toothbrush and a water flosser and rinse your mouth with a low-sugar mouthwash. You should also see a dentist for regular cleanings and X-rays. In addition, you should not grind your teeth as this can lead to TMJ pain and other issues.


Flossing is a key component of a healthy mouth. It removes food particles that can cause bad breath and breaks up plaque before it hardens to tartar. It also helps prevent gum disease and provides a better overall oral health. Lastly, flossing can help lower your blood pressure as researchers have found a connection between good dental hygiene and heart health.

The best part is that it’s a simple habit to learn. Most people start flossing with their baby teeth and continue as a lifelong practice. It is recommended that you floss at least once per day before bed to remove bacteria and food between teeth. Some people like to floss first thing in the morning, while others carry a packet of floss with them throughout the day to maintain a consistent habit.

In addition to brushing, flossing is important for preventing cavities and reducing the risk of gingivitis and periodontal disease. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains food particles and bacteria that can irritate the gum tissue and lead to gingivitis, which causes red, puffy, tender gums. It can also erode tooth enamel, which leads to decay.

Dental floss is a thin piece of thread made of silk, nylon, or Teflon that can be waxed or unwaxed and flavored or unflavored. It is used to clean between teeth, along the gum line, and between dental prosthetics such as bridges or implants.

When flossing, it is important to remember that there are two sides of each tooth space and to make sure to floss around the entire surface of each tooth. To do this, you will need to wind a section of floss about 18 inches long between your thumbs and index fingers. Next, pull the floss taut and gently guide it between each tooth using your index finger. When you get to the last tooth, wrap the floss into a “C” shape and use it to rub the surface of the tooth and the surrounding gum tissue.

It’s also important to note that while flossing is a great preventive measure, it should not be used as a substitute for brushing your teeth twice daily for two minutes each time. Regular flossing, brushing, and the proper use of mouthwash can help to prevent gum disease, tooth decay, and bad breath.

Benefits of Ceiling Insulation

Ceiling Insulation Perth improves the thermal efficiency of buildings thereby saving energy costs. It acts as a thermal barrier reducing heat transfer during winter and retarding unwanted air flow in summer.

It also helps in sound acoustics, making a home comfortable for occupants. It enables energy conservation and reduces greenhouse gas emissions arising from power generation in line with worldwide policies towards eco-friendly construction and running of buildings.

The ceiling of your home, townhouse or apartment is a place where a lot of heat energy is lost. Insulating this area can help reduce your energy bills and save you money. There are many different types of insulation available, and it is important to choose the right type for your home. The most popular choice is fiberglass, while cellulose and foam are also available.

Choosing the correct thickness of insulation can increase your energy efficiency. The R-value of insulation indicates how much it slows the flow of heat. The higher the R-value, the better it is at slowing heat flow. Insulating your ceiling can reduce your energy costs significantly.

Most homes in the ACT don’t have enough insulation, especially those built before 1997. Insufficient insulation leads to wasted energy, causing your heating and cooling systems to work overtime. Insulating the ceiling can cut your energy consumption by up to 40%, resulting in significant savings on your electricity and gas bills.

A properly insulated ceiling will prevent hot air from rising in the winter and cold air from dropping down in the summer. It will also reduce the time your heating and cooling system is on, which cuts down on energy usage and improves indoor comfort.

In addition to reducing your energy bills, ceiling insulation will also reduce the amount of pollutants entering your home. These pollutants include dirt, radon, smoke and mold, which can diminish indoor air quality and lead to health issues. Insulation in the ceiling blocks these contaminants, keeping them outside where they belong.

Insulation in the roof and ceiling also prevents moisture and condensation from accumulating on walls, which can damage the structure and cause leaks. It will also extend the life of your roof, preventing wood rot and ensuring a healthy environment. It also prevents rainwater from penetrating your roof, reducing the risk of damp areas and mold growth.

Reduced Energy Bills

Insulating the ceiling is one of the best ways to reduce energy bills and improve the comfort of a home or commercial building. It’s also very affordable, a cost that can be quickly recouped by the savings on energy consumption.

Heat moves more slowly through insulation, which means it takes less energy to keep rooms warm or cool. This is especially noticeable in homes with older or poorly insulated roofs and walls. Adding insulation to these areas can significantly reduce energy usage, lower electricity and heating bills and cut back on greenhouse gas emissions.

If a house is not well-insulated, up to 70% of the home’s energy use is spent on heating and cooling. This can be reduced by installing the correct thickness of ceiling insulation. Adding more than the minimum recommended R-Value can increase energy efficiency and lead to even bigger savings.

In addition to reducing heating and cooling costs, installing ceiling insulation can help to reduce moisture and mould in the attic space. This is particularly important in homes with attics that are used for storage or as living spaces. It can also help to reduce noise from the outside world in these rooms.

Most types of bulk insulation offer a good level of sound reduction as well as thermal performance. This can be particularly helpful if you are concerned about external noise or noise from the adjoining rooms. The heavier, more rigid products, like rock wool tend to provide the best sound reducing performance for a given width of insulation.

It is important to hire a professional installer for your ceiling insulation installation. Incorrect installation methods, such as compressing batt insulation or leaving gaps can significantly reduce the R-Value and the potential energy savings. Installing insulation in accordance with the authorised Australian standards and codes of practice will ensure it performs to its best.

Ceiling insulation can significantly reduce the temperature changes in a home or commercial structure. This is beneficial during the summer as it prevents direct sunlight from dramatically increasing room temperatures, and it can help to alleviate the workload on air conditioning systems. It also helps to maintain a comfortable temperature in winter by keeping the heat in the living areas and reducing drafts.

Better Indoor Comfort

Ceiling insulation maintains a consistent indoor temperature, reducing the need for heating or cooling systems and keeping your home more comfortable all year round. When a building is not insulated, heat rises from the inside of the house and escapes through the roof in winter and cool air leaks into rooms in summer, requiring your heating or cooling system to work harder to keep your home at a comfortable temperature. This extra work consumes energy, increasing your electricity bills. Insulation in the ceiling of your home can reduce this loss and help you to save on energy consumption.

Many people are concerned about monetary savings from electricity costs, but the quality of indoor comfort is also an important consideration when deciding to install insulation in their homes. Unlike electricity savings, which are easy to measure and quantify, the improvement in summer indoor comfort due to insulation is less well understood.

In addition to its thermal properties, ceiling insulation can offer other benefits, such as acoustic performance and fire safety. This is why it is often incorporated into multi-storey buildings and commercial premises. It can improve the acoustic performance of the building and ensure that sound is not transferred between floors, while still allowing easy access to mechanical services such as ventilation.

Different types of insulation are available to suit different climates and building specifications. When choosing insulation, the R-value is an important factor to consider, as a higher R-value indicates greater resistance to the flow of heat. Blanket insulation, or batts, are pre-cut panels designed to fit standard ceiling joist spacings and can be installed easily by the homeowner or by a professional installer. Polyurethane foam insulation boards, like EUROPIR, are also an effective option. They are lightweight, easy to install and offer a high level of thermal resistance.

Cellulose insulation, made from recycled paper products and rock wool, is another option. It is usually blown into the ceiling space and offers good thermal resistance as well as acoustic properties. Finally, there are spray-on options that provide a quick and cost-effective solution to sealing small gaps and crevices. This type of insulation is particularly suitable for renovation projects as it can be applied directly to the existing surface and is very versatile.

Reduced Carbon Emissions

Many people are not aware that insulating the ceiling of their homes helps reduce carbon emissions. This is because it slows the flow of heat through the roof, keeping it warmer in winter and cooler in summer. Adding insulation in the ceiling also prevents unwanted airflow from travelling down walls and into rooms, making it easier to keep cool and comfortable inside.

This is especially important in older houses that are uninsulated, as well as new and modern homes that have open plan layouts. Uninsulated walls, floors and ceilings allow warm air to escape through the walls and into cold spaces such as garages and cellars. This can result in a large energy bill and lower indoor comfort. Insulating these areas can help keep your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer, which significantly cuts your energy bills.

Insulating the ceiling of your home can also be a great way to reduce noise pollution. This is particularly helpful in rooms such as living rooms, bedrooms and studies where there are often large groups of people or children who are speaking loudly. Insulation in the ceiling can reduce the amount of noise that carries from room to room, which can be extremely annoying.

In addition, ceiling insulation can be beneficial in reducing moisture problems in your house. Moisture is a common issue in homes that are not properly insulated, and it can lead to damage to woodwork, ceilings and walls. Insulating your ceiling can prevent the buildup of condensation and moisture, which can result in rot and other issues that can be costly to repair.

Adding insulation to your ceiling is an inexpensive investment that can have a number of benefits. It can improve your home’s energy efficiency, make it more comfortable to live in, and it can also add value to your property. Insulating your ceiling will also be an environmentally friendly option, as it can reduce the amount of harmful greenhouse gases that are produced by power plants to generate electricity.

For more information on the benefits of insulating your ceiling, contact our expert team at Access Insulation today. We can help you choose the right type of insulation for your home and install it so that you can enjoy the many benefits it has to offer.